A Million Dollars vs A Billion Dollars, Visualized: A Road Trip

Tom Scott

4,1 milj. näkymät484

    There are lots of ways to compare a million to a billion, but most of them use volume. And I think that's a mistake, because volume just isn't something the human brain is great at. So instead, here's the difference between a million and a billion, in a more one-dimensional way: distance.

    Humphrey Yang's rice TikTok: www.tiktok.com/@humphreytalks/video/6798276393634467077
    and his FIblock channel: fiblock.info
    The Corridor Crew billion video: fiblock.info/face/videot/p5uJlm5lo4Cngm0.html

    Q: Is this accurate?
    A: Yes. The GPS track on the GoPro wasn't great, though, so the walking sections had to be manually smoothed out. For the main car drive, I relied on a backup GPS tracker taking a sample every 1 second. That data was loaded into an After Effects expression, set to $1 per 0.1093mm. If it couldn't pick up a GPS reading (for example, in the Chestfield Tunnel), it waited until signal returned and then calculated an average speed for the gap. There was one correction: during a stop next to a large lorry, the GPS lost tracking and wandered about 50m in a random pattern while the car was completely at a halt. Those errors were removed.
    Q: Why is this in 50fps?
    A: The electricity grid in the UK runs at 50Hz, which means that you can get strobing effects from lighting. Normally that wouldn't matter on something filmed outside, and I'd go with 60fps, but I didn't want to risk full-screen strobing in the tunnel section. (You do still see strobing on some variable message signs, but that's for different technical reasons.) As 24/25fps feels too slow and jerky for a continuous dashcam shot, this was the best option.
    Q: Why did you do this with American dollars in the UK?
    A: The Bank of England doesn't produce a £1 note. The smallest paper money we have is £5. (The Royal Bank of Scotland, and the banks of some of the Channel Islands, do though!) And while it would have been apt to do this along desert roads in California, sometimes you've got to make do with what's available.
    Q: What was that "oops" about a minute into the drive?
    A: I nearly turned left one junction too soon, which would have sent me to a closed barrier and ruined the take.
    Q: Why do you change lanes so much?
    A: In the UK, the "correct" thing to do is to always switch to the leftmost possible lane after overtaking on a motorway, unless there's another car you'll have to overtake soon or you're approaching a slip road. This means you have to change lanes a lot more than in many other countries. Source: www.rac.co.uk/drive/advice/driving-advice/middle-lane-hogging/
    Q: You pass a van on the left at one point. Is that legal?
    A: Deliberately passing on the left ("undertaking") in the UK is considered dangerous driving on non-motorways and in free-flowing motorway traffic. However, in congestion when traffic is slowed down, keeping up with traffic in your lane is fine. Source: www.askthe.police.uk/content/Q891.htm
    Q: What do those white signs with a black stripe mean?
    A: "National speed limit applies". On dual carriageways ("divided highways"), that means 70mph; on other roads, it's lower. Alas, it does not mean "no speed limit" like it does on the German autobahn.
    Q: What does the signs with the white C in a red circle mean?
    A: Those are reminders about the Dart Charge, the £2.50 toll for crossing the Thames at Dartford.
    Q: How many attempts did this take?
    A: Three. Attempt one was ruined by the time of day: I was travelling east in the morning -- so all the camera could see was glare from the sun and the dashboard reflected in the windscreen. Attempt two was ruined by the camera overheating shortly after the Dartford Crossing. (That's why this is in 2.7k, not 4k, and why you can hear wind noise from the air conditioning blowing over the camera to keep it cool.)
    Q: How can this be an FAQ when you wrote it before the video went live?
    A: In this case, "FAQ" stands for "Fully Anticipated Questions".
    Q: What's your route?
    00:00 Introduction
    02:14 Leaving Dagenham
    06:03 A13 Eastbound
    12:43 Mar Dyke Interchange
    14:26 A282
    16:07 Queen Elizabeth II Bridge
    20:50 A2 Eastbound
    30:16 M2 Eastbound
    53:36 Thanet Way Eastbound
    1:08:09 A28 towards Margate
    1:12:09 Local roads towards Margate
    1:14:39 Ah good, the sea
    1:17:29 Conclusion
    I'm at tomscott.com
    on Twitter at tomscott
    on Facebook at tomscott
    and on Instagram as tomscottgo

    Julkaistu 10 kuukautta sitten


    1. Tom Scott

      There's an FAQ about this if you pull down the description, because I figure there'll be some questions about how this was all put together!

      1. ducc

        do a trillion on an airplane next!

      2. LifeHasLeft

        You didn’t answer what the hell is a quarter-mile...I have no idea what imperial distances look like

      3. Lunchmonii


      4. GG586

        @morsecritic ttyttyttyttyttyttyttyttyttyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

      5. Elvin Haak

        Wow... there are countries with even less switching lanes? Pff. I was going to comment already that you get fined if you drive like this in our country because we need to keep on the right line all the time (so, the slow lanes in our country) to give place to faster vehicles to overtake. So, we need to switch all the times. Question: was this taken during a lockdown so little traffic?

    2. Pro Bro Gaming

      This is crazy

    3. guits

      Did you just get a new car and and needed an excuse to take it for a drive?

    4. Daryn Colley

      thanks tom

    5. Mark Collins

      Most of rich people make money,even in bad times and they don’t have to look at the charts or graphs all day,they have professionals who do that for them and they make huge profits and diversification investing should be the best thing to do now

      1. Lynda Smart

        Thanks for dropping his whatsapp line

      2. Mark Collins

        You can tell him that Mark Collins gave you his contact to message and tell him you want to invest

      3. Mark Collins

        You can also get him on tele gram at iwsmith

      4. Mark Collins

        @James Anderson + One,nine,five,one,three,three,eight,seven,one,seven,one1 9 5 1 3 3 8 7 1 7 1

      5. Mark Collins

        C....O...N....T....A.....C....T W....H...A....T....S....A....P....P +.....1.....9....5.....1.....3.....3.....8.....7.....1.....7....1

    6. Richard Matej

      Ok so it is typical Tom Scott video + drive/dash cam video in one :D .. I watch both very often :D .. thanks Tom

    7. Infinity and eight

      Perfect, now I know the exact directions from mecca bingo in Dagenham to the beach

    8. Nam Nguyễn Phúc Hoàng

      Tom literally just recorded a video of him driving Us: hmm... interesting... Joking aside, this does put things into perspective. Really can't just work and save money, to get rich, we have to invest so our money can multiply, rather than just adding.

    9. Madotsu

      Imagine if it was a real billion instead of a thousand million...

    10. Ellie L.

      the longer this video goes on, the more i feel like crying

    11. ThenForgotten

      Huh I fell asleep watching a different video and I wake up having "watched" a 20 minutes video and "watched" 1 hour and 8 minutes of this video

    12. John Smith

      32 minutes in , I live below that bridge and a few miles to the side. Anyone from my cluster of villages know where in talking about ?

    13. James August

      Yet we don't elect representatives that forbid individuals from accruing this much wealth. For one person to have this much, it requires the sacrifice of millions of people.

    14. Flying_rtrd

      Wow people in the United kingdom are good drivers and these roads WAW

    15. Kevan Gibbs

      "okay lets drive to a billion dollars" *1 hour and 17 minutes left to the video* oh.

    16. Rhazen


    17. Thomas Noyes

      I noticed that this video was suspiciously longer than usual

    18. Connor Prosser

      1 million seems like less then a penny

    19. B A

      hah wish I could earn money like that

    20. Dylan Zapata 4to3era

      One billion are actually, because exist before one billion, one hundred millons

    21. Emilio Alban

      If you stacked up in singles the average income of an American during 2020, it would be a 22 foot long stack, which is on average a 5 and a half second walk. If you stacked up how much Elon Musk made in 2020, the stack would stretch from Los Angeles to Mumbai.

    22. Jake Palazzetti

      me at 3 minutes: "i wonder how long this video is" oh OH

    23. aaronpiper92

      *watches to the end of the video* "is that all you got?" .. .. .. [laughs in bezos]

    24. An organized lemon

      When you realise that Jeff bezos has 250 billion dollars

    25. Ian Patrick

      1 million seconds go by about every 12 days. 1 billion seconds go by about every 32 years. 1 trillion seconds? Think ice ages.

    26. Juan Bolanos

      Conclusion: A fkn lot

    27. hadesoftheunderworld

      yaknow i kinda expected a 1 hour commentary about the billion but this is also ok

    28. Mike Tyson

      1:15:18 when the gps gives you suggestions about your sexuality

    29. Christos Pol

      that's an expensive uber ride

    30. Trashmin

      Don't tell me i am the only who slept and woke up halfway through the video

    31. Brook Braeken

      Using Elon Musk's money in one dollar bills, you could drive from Los Angeles to New York City, back to LA, and then back to NYC, and still have enough money to fly over halfway to London

    32. waine dodd

      I'm as wealthy as that little plastic thing on the tip of my shoelace.

    33. lunar wastes

      sometimes i wake up and this video is playing

    34. na

      every time I fall asleep watching FIblock I always end up either here or on vsauces prime number video

    35. Smasher Blues

      A billion is just one thousand million.

    36. Tyler Hall

      Why did I fall asleep watching memes and wake up in an awkward family car ride with Tom Scott?

    37. G.Y W

      I think there should be gold cap irl

    38. DooDooBumMan


    39. Cheesecakemonkey

      Next time please drive 1 UK Billion

    40. The Frog

      Do you understand why we should tax the mega-rich now?

    41. Justice

      Last year when they were talking 1 -> 2 -> 3 trillion dollar stimulus packages in the U.S. I was discussing it with a coworker and we couldn't math out how many zeros that was in our heads. So we grabbed one of those desktop calculators and started punching in 1 with zeros behind it. When we got to the last zero for 1 trillion the calculator gave us an error... The amount of money the U.S. government is blowing isn't astronomical, its beyond astronomical. You have to be trying really damned hard to find anything measured in the trillions.

    42. Shiboline M'Ress

      This is one of those oddly satisfying videos, very relaxing...

    43. IIIAnchani

      all I got from this video is an anxiety attack because I was constantly thinking he's driving on the wrong side of the road...

    44. Earthi Cooperations

      Try that again on the german Autobahn :D

    45. deniztalks

      and we discuss whether it is VIABLE to tax the rich

    46. MokkyMiah

      This is cool and all but what about if it was all in pennies?

    47. Troianus

      DId I watch the entire thing? Yes. Do I regret it? No. Was it oddly soothing, calming, and helpful in lowering my stress? Absolutely.

    48. Life With Chris

      I watch this video to fall asleep

    49. alex Burrow

      Honestly the sound is putting me to sleep on a good way

    50. Nan_ cK

      1:07:35 It had been so quiet and the gps came on and I jumped! 😂😂

    51. Whoozy

      Already getting spoilert by seeing how long the video is

    52. Don Fatale

      What a taxi ride in a country with hyper-inflation is like!

    53. UhhRiff

      hey tom, what camera did you use? how is the battery so long lasting

    54. Janet Eyre

      Did anyone really watched this or just jump through the time stamp

    55. Pedro Ihnen

      Cool, now do a trillion.

    56. L. Dam

      A great demonstrationen of why the existence of billionaires is perverse.

    57. United Drones

      I feel sick to my stomach a car can produce this much money!!! WHAT BRAND THIS BE🧐

    58. Fernando Recio

      i don't remember having watched this video at all and yet it says that i have watched it to the 1:03:43 mark

    59. The NoOB

      I did not notice the length of the video...

    60. Flip Schwipp

      Alternate title: Driving to a Billion Dollars on the wrong side.

    61. Richard M

      Ah yes, using the "fast" or "passing" lane properly. We in america are supposed to do this as well but many here do not understand this. The left lane is the passing and right lane is for slower traffic. Also, that clicking sound used before you lane change should be explained. Many here do not understand what that is either

      1. Richard M

        Also, we don't have a lot of "roundabouts" here either. We have a small one that was just built in the city I live in and it's hilarious and frustrating to watch people try to use it

    62. Oliver Weber

      didnt you yust drove to 1 milliard 10^9 one billard would be 10^15 one 10^0 ten 10^1 thousand 10^3 million 10^6 milliard 10^9 billion 10^12 billiard 10^15 trillion 10^18 Quadrillion 10^21 ...

    63. hunnyybee

      sat nav: continue on the m2 to canterbury me: shhh no spoilers

    64. aaron lockyer

      can someone please tell me exactly when it hits 69,000,000 ?

    65. The Siberian travel dude Named Alligator Rapid

      Only legends watched the whole thing

    66. Russell A

      It looks like 100,000 dollars could now be known as a speed bump.

    67. Noxa9876

      So what I learned from this video is If I line my money in one dollar bills It would probably be the length of my body or less. But the top 1% has to drive 1+hr to equal their wealth. Gotta love that. Guys they need their third yacht. Think about the poor billionaires. Having to decide between another mansion or a yacht. They make some of the toughest decisions ever. /s

    68. Yuda Osh-ida

      And now think it's 128 billion. That's how much Turkey's money lost and no one knows how.

    69. xed alpha

      This is...weirdly relaxing.

    70. Sam Valiant

      Was this the launch of your ASMR channel?

    71. Slander Sir

      0:16 1 0:16 10 0:16 100 0:17 1,000 0:20 10,000 0:32 100,000 2:50 1,000,000 6:17 10,000,000 12:36 100,000,000 1:17:14 1,000,000,000

    72. Abdur Raashid

      Fully anticipated questions? Truly a genius of our time

    73. DarthAlphaTheGreat

      Now imagine U.S. wastes trillions of dollars on war and otherwise not helping people domestically.

    74. Chad Pasta

      *Me all gangster as it's coming up on 10 million... It keeps going... ...* "right, there's more than 8 digits in 1 billion" Also what makes me want to watch someone drive for an hour and 17?

    75. Solv

      an hour well spent

    76. Vape N Bake

      You look 12 and 60?

    77. Lord Commander

      you are so smart Tom Scott, distance really is a good try!

    78. Grave

      Visualize Beff Bezos net worth next.

    79. SJ218P


    80. Kaiasu

      I slept woke up and still not at 1 bilion

    81. theDane70

      Isn’t it going to be 100km!!! That is one big stack.... And Jeff Bezos would be 20 000km , the nerd in me loves doing that kind of math...

    82. Michael Stump

      I miss driving. I like this video.

    83. Hannah Lomax

      Why dollars and not pounds??

      1. Thaumatrope

        I don't think it really matters. Probably because he's audience is primarily American. Or because they have single paper notes rather than coins.

    84. Jacob Sawyer

      Just get in a rocket, get to a billion in less than 15 minutes

    85. Sebastian Myrick.

      I just think you need 999 more millions to get to a billion

    86. teoinfinite

      Normal people: measure length in meters Tom Scott:

    87. Mood

      "So how long are your runs?" "About 10 million dollars and a half"

    88. Sebastian

      Well i think you made your point...

    89. Sami Danış

      24:28 Turkey İzmir🇹🇷

    90. Lost in the New Real

      rule britannia

    91. Baatile Kgosiemang

      *Staring Marxistically* 🤨

    92. Siyah Beyaz

      No I don't wanna be rich after that video, it takes definetly to long 😀

    93. Versernal

      In conclusion, a billion lions is a lot.

    94. PlasmaLantic Official

      I feel bad for the editor

    95. Bryce Lagsdin

      My guy Tom was swervin

    96. Toby Chow

      The incredibly wealthy do not earn, they steal

    97. Bill Tomson

      You seem to have LOTS of high-tension power lines in England.

    98. Bill Tomson

      Dontcha hate getting stuck at those at those $6 million lights?

    99. Dom D

      Fun fact: The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge cost £120 million to build at the time (£211 million in 2016). It also spans about 26 million USD long :)

    100. STAR_Productions

      RIP Reckful for making this visual compression thing more mainstream.